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Advent Calendar: December 23

December 23 is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are eight days remaining until the end of the year.

Events

  • 962 – Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city of Aleppo
  • 1493 – Georg Alt’s German translation of Hartmann Schedel’s Nuremberg Chronicle is published.
  • 1572 – Theologian Johann Sylvan executed in Heidelberg for his heretical Antitrinitarian beliefs
  • 1688 – As part of the Glorious Revolution, King James II of England flees England to Paris after being deposed in favour of his nephew, William of Orange and his daughter Mary.
  • 1783 – George Washington resigns as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1793 – The Battle of Savenay, decisive defeat of the royalist counter-revolutionaries in Revolt in the Vendée during the French Revolution.
  • 1823 – A Visit from St. Nicholas, also known as The Night Before Christmas, is published anonymously.
  • 1893 – The opera Hänsel und Gretel by Engelbert Humperdinck is first performed.
  • 1913 – The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve.
  • 1914 – World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai peninsula.
  • 1919 – Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 becomes law in the UK.
  • 1921 – Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.
  • 1936 – Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1937 – First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • 1938 – Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
  • 1940 – World War II: Greek submarine Papanikolis (Υ-2) sinks the Italian motor ship Antonietta.
  • 1941 – World War II: After 15 days of fighting, the Japanese Imperial Army occupies Wake Island.
  • 1947 – The transistor is first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
  • 1948 – Seven Japanese convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East are executed at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo.
  • 1958 – Dedication of Tokyo Tower, the world’s highest self-supporting iron tower.
  • 1968 – The 82 sailors from the USS Pueblo are released after eleven months of internment in North Korea.
  • 1970 – The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York City is topped out at 1,368 feet (417 m), making it the tallest building in the world.
  • 1972 – A 6.5 magnitude earthquake strikes the Nicaraguan capital of Managua killing more than 10,000.
  • 1972 – The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster are rescued after 73 days, having survived by cannibalism.
  • 1979 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: Soviet forces occupy Kabul, the Afghan capital.
  • 1982 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces it has identified dangerous levels of dioxin in the soil of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • 1986 – Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California becoming the first aircraft to fly non-stop around the world without aerial or ground refueling.
  • 1990 – History of Slovenia: In a referendum, 88% of Slovenia’s population vote for independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 2002 – A MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25, making it the first time in history that an aircraft and an unmanned drone had engaged in combat.
  • 2003 – PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.
  • 2005 – Chad declares a state of war against Sudan following a December 18 attack on Adré, which left about 100 people dead.

Origin: Wikipedia

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