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Titanitc – 100 years / 100 Jahre

Today is the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the RMS Titanic.

RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean on 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, England to New York City. The sinking of Titanic caused the deaths of 1,514 people in one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history. She was the largest ship afloat at the time of her maiden voyage. One of three Olympic class ocean liners operated by the White Star Line, she was built between 1909–11 by the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast. She carried 2,224 people.

Her passengers included some of the wealthiest people in the world, as well as over a thousand emigrants from Great Britain and Ireland, Scandinavia and elsewhere seeking a new life in North America. The ship was designed to be the last word in comfort and luxury, with an on-board gymnasium, swimming pool, libraries, high-class restaurants and opulent cabins. She also had a powerful wireless telegraph provided for the convenience of passengers as well as for operational use. Though she had advanced safety features such as watertight compartments and remotely activated watertight doors, she lacked enough lifeboats to accommodate all of those aboard. Due to outdated maritime safety regulations, she carried only enough lifeboats for 1,178 people – a third of her total passenger and crew capacity.

After leaving Southampton on 10 April 1912, Titanic called at Cherbourg in France and Queenstown (now Cobh) in Ireland before heading westwards towards New York. On 14 April 1912, four days into the crossing and about 375 miles (600 km) south of Newfoundland, she hit an iceberg at 11:40 pm (ship’s time; GMT−3). The glancing collision caused Titanic’s hull plates to buckle inwards in a number of locations on her starboard side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments to the sea. Over the next two and a half hours, the ship gradually filled with water and sank. Passengers and some crew members were evacuated in lifeboats, many of which were launched only partly filled. A disproportionate number of men – over 90% of those in Second Class – were left aboard due to a “women and children first” protocol followed by the officers loading the lifeboats. Just before 2:20 am Titanic broke up and sank bow-first with over a thousand people still on board. Those in the water died within minutes from hypothermia caused by immersion in the freezing ocean. The 710 survivors were taken aboard from the lifeboats by the RMS Carpathia a few hours later.

The disaster was greeted with worldwide shock and outrage at the huge loss of life and the regulatory and operational failures that had led to it. Public inquiries in Britain and the United States led to major improvements in maritime safety. One of their most important legacies was the establishment in 1914 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), which still governs maritime safety today. Many of the survivors lost all of their money and possessions and were left destitute; many families, particularly those of crew members from Southampton, lost their primary bread-winners. They were helped by an outpouring of public sympathy and charitable donations. Some of the male survivors, notably the White Star Line’s chairman, J. Bruce Ismay, were accused of cowardice for leaving the ship while people were still on board, and they faced social ostracism.

The wreck of the Titanic remains on the seabed, gradually disintegrating at a depth of 12,415 feet (3,784 m). Since its rediscovery in 1985, thousands of artefacts have been recovered from the sea bed and put on display at museums around the world. Titanic has become one of the most famous ships in history, her memory kept alive by numerous books, films, exhibits and memorials.

Source: Wikipedia

Eventhough it’s 100 years since the RMS Titanic sank almost everybody knows what the Titanic is and that the Titanic sank after colliding with an iceberg. One reason is probably because of the movie by James Cameron starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet.

Descendants of the original Titanic passengers have started a journey from Southampton to the spot where the Titanic sank.

The Titanic on April 10, 1912. (Source: Wikipedia)/ Die Titanic am 10. April 1912 (Quelle: Wikipedia

Heute ist der 100. Jahrestag des Untergangs der RMS Titanic.

Die RMS Titanic (engl. [taɪˈtænɪk]) war ein Passagierschiff der britischen Reederei White Star Line. Sie wurde in Belfast auf der Werft von Harland & Wolff gebaut und war bei der Indienststellung am 2. April 1912 das größte Schiff der Welt.

Der zweite von drei Dampfern der Olympic-Klasse war wie seine Schwesterschiffe für den Liniendienst auf der Route Southampton–Cherbourg–Queenstown–New York, New York–Plymouth–Cherbourg–Southampton vorgesehen und sollte neue Maßstäbe im Reisekomfort setzen.

Auf ihrer Jungfernfahrt kollidierte die Titanic am 14. April 1912 gegen 23:40 Uhr etwa 300 Seemeilen südöstlich von Neufundland mit einem Eisberg und sank zwei Stunden und 40 Minuten nach dem Zusammenstoß im Nordatlantik. Obwohl für die Evakuierung mehr als zwei Stunden Zeit zur Verfügung standen, starben zwischen 1490 und 1517 der über 2200 an Bord befindlichen Personen – hauptsächlich wegen der unzureichenden Zahl an Rettungsbooten und der Unerfahrenheit der Besatzung im Umgang mit diesen. Wegen der hohen Opferzahl zählt der Untergang der Titanic zu den großen Katastrophen der Seefahrt.

Folge des Untergangs waren zahlreiche Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung der Sicherheit auf See. Diese umfassten die ausreichende Ausstattung mit Rettungsbooten, Besetzung der Funkstationen rund um die Uhr, Errichtung der Internationalen Eispatrouille sowie den Abschluss des ersten Internationalen Übereinkommens zum Schutze des menschlichen Lebens auf See.

Die Titanic gehört aufgrund der Umstände, die mit ihr und ihrem Untergang verbunden werden, zu den bekanntesten Schiffen der Geschichte. Weltweit beschäftigen sich Literatur, bildende Kunst sowie Film und Fernsehen regelmäßig mit den Ereignissen und Umständen ihrer letzten Fahrt und des Untergangs. Ihr Name steht für schwerwiegende Unglücke und die Unkontrollierbarkeit der Natur durch technische Errungenschaften.

Quelle: Wikipedia

Trotz der lange Zeit kennen die meisten Menschen die Titanic und wissen, dass die Titanic nach dem Zusammenstoss mit einem Eisberg gesunken ist. Ein Grund dafür ist sicher der Film von James Cameron mit Leonardo DiCaprio und Kate Winslet in den Hauptrollen.

Nachfahren der Titanic-Passagiere haben von Southampton aus eine Seereise an die Untergangsstelle der Titanic angetreten.

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